Borgia Apartments’ Arts Of The Quadrivium Fresco Restoration

The Borgia Apartments area a suite of special rooms in the Apostolic Palace of the Vatican that were constructed by Pope Alexander VI for his personal use in the late 15th century. In the late 15th century, he commissioned the Italian painter Bernardino di Betto (Pinturicchio) and his studio to decorate them with frescos.

The paintings and frescoes, which were executed between 1492 and 1494, drew on a complex iconographic program that used themes from medieval encyclopedias, adding an eschatological layer of meaning and celebrating the divine origins of the Borgias.